How to register on the Padrón
Registering on the Padrón is a simple and straightforward process which comes with benefits for you and your community.
Under Spanish law, you are required to register on the Padrón at the Town Hall (Ayuntamiento) where you habitually reside. The process, which gives the Town Hall a good idea of how many people live in the area, determines how much funding the area receives from the Government.
Apart from providing better public services, registering on the Padrón can also come with many personal benefits. These include potential tax reductions, access to social care and discounted travel.
Despite this, many expats fail to register, perhaps because they are unsure how to register or because they don’t know why they should register.
How to register
Marbella’s Town Hall is in the Plaza de los Naranjos (Orange Square) in the old town. When you enter the Town Hall, you will see a Padrón dispenser on the left hand side. Take a ticket and wait for your number to be displayed.
The section you require is on the ground floor directly in front of you. When your number is displayed, go to the desk indicated. Give your documentation to the clerk and they will give you a confirmation of your registration. Take a copy of this and file it safely.
The required documents are as follows:
Your NIE & Residency Certificate
Documentation relating to the property you are living in. If you own the property, a recent utility bill and the deeds to the property. If you are renting, a rental contract and a recent utility bill.
If you are an EU citizen, according to the Citizens Advice Bureau Spain, there is currently no law in place which makes it obligatory to renew your Padrón. However, you may still receive a letter from the Town Hall asking you to renew your registration if you have changed your address or there is a fine or official notification which has not arrived at your address or if any authoritarian body has not been able to contact you at your registered address. If so, return to the Town Hall and update your details.
In some cases, such as applying for a school placement or social care, you may be required to have an up-to-date Padrón certificate, one which has been issued within the last 3 months.
According to the Spanish authorities there are various renewal periods as listed below:
EU Members: Every 2 years if your NIE was issued before 2007 and every 5 years if your NIE was issued after 2007.
Non EU Members: Every 2 years for those who have a temporary residence and every 5 years if you have a permanent residence or an EU card.
Also, if your details change (ie. name, address, etc.)