Most gardeners look at New Year as a relaxing month as they are waiting for the right time to prepare for the spring season.The chilly weather makes the fireplace more inviting than the yard. However, if you are on the other side, here are a few gardening chores to take care of during this month.
Take Protective Measures For Your Shrubs and Tree
If you’re living in zone 8 or higher and have young citrus trees, cover them with burlap or other fabric to protect them from surprise frost. It is an effortless task. All you have to do is to drape the fabric over wooden stakes so that it does not make contact with the leaves. Remove this cover when the weather gets normal. The same precaution helps preserve the ornamental shrubs. For zone 7 and warmer, use a dormant spray to deal with overwintering insect eggs.
Prune winter-flowering plants after they finish blooming. You can use the cuttings as a root to plant the shrub indoors. Provide firm support to leggy shrubs to prevent breakage due to cold weather. Firmly, remove snow from the branches if it’s heavy.
If you want to work in your garden, you can start by pruning the rose bushes, preserving healthy branches, and suppressing dead wood and low vigorous twigs. Winters is not the best time to plant, but we can rehydrate the earth with fertilizers, to boost the growth and rooting of new grass and flowering plants. Use the fertilizer based on phosphorus and potassium. They work well in this season.
Winter is also a harsh enemy of the lawn’s grass. To prevent the damage from being greater, we will have to aerate the grass to make the roots oxygenated. So, spend a bright sunny day mowing your lawn.
Pruning In the Wintertime
We can start with the pruning with the maintenance of ornamental trees. Keep a healing paste handy to protect grafts and heal unwanted pruning cuts on trees and shrubs. January is an excellent time to rejuvenate the bushes that we can prune until February – so avoid pruning them.
You can Try Planting
Now is the time to plant any bare-rooted deciduous species, such as hazelnut, willow, fig tree, or hawthorn. But this can be varied by your zone. In zones 9 and above, gardeners can plant bare-root, roses, and fruit trees. However, to ensure the success of your plant’s growth, you need to consider the following measures:
The winter season is ideal for snails and slugs to visit our garden. There are many ways to prevent these pests, such as using drip irrigation, planting plants that repel them, and, above all, monitor shady and humid sites.
To treat winter pests, go for phytosanitary treatment by applying insecticide oil on plants and shrubs. This way, you will make sure to enjoy a good harvest.
Create an Organic Compost
This winters, make your soil more fertile by adding an organic compost that you can create yourself. First, collect all those dead leaves, grass, vegetables or pruned branches from the garden, and chimney ashes, eggshells, or rotten fruits and vegetables from your home. Mix it well with soil using some water. Your compost is ready to use.
It’s Time for Winter Vegetables!
It is not necessary to wait for the summer to plant escarole, broccoli, borage, thistle, leaf cabbage, cauliflower, artichoke, garlic, or parsley. This month we can also sow beans, garlic, calçots, carrots, lettuce, borage, chard, peas, spinach, leeks, onions, celery, and radishes in our garden. In addition, the orchards that are covered should be ventilated every morning to avoid the appearance of mold.
Irrigation During the winter
Irrigation outside is virtually unnecessary, with lower temperatures and increased rainfall. However, at home, we must be careful with the heating as it dries the environment, and we probably need to increase the humidity with sprayers or humidifiers. Also, water your outdoor plants if there has been insufficient rain, or if your plants are covered under leaves or larger trees.
Finally, it should be noted that at this time it is not uncommon to find trees full of cracks or holes in the interior area of the trunks and branches. Many of them are usually the work of very hungry beetles. Its elimination is usually achieved by inserting a fine wire through the hole to where the borer is, and then applying a winter mineral oil so that the holes produced by the borer do not serve as an entry path for fungi.
I think that’s enough to keep you busy this winters. HAPPY GARDENING!